So, I thought I would take some time today to define and explain broadband. Broadband is a term many of us use without really knowing the nuts and bolts of what it represents. There are two types of internet technologies out there. One is dial-up and one is broadband. Dial-up is limited to a download bit rate speed of 56 kilobits per second on the account of using a 56k modem. Dial-up requires full use of a telephone line to connect to the internet. Broadband, generally supplies bit rate speeds that are more than twice the speed of dial up, and does not require full use of telephone lines. Currently, broadband internet technology can be delivered via cable, fiber optics, DSL, or satellite broadband. Each of these offer various advantages and disadvantages in the data delivery process. Much of this variance has to do with bit rate speed. The official speed of broadband has been a topic of debate, but generally a minimum consideration has ranged from 64 kilobits per second to 2000 kilobits per second. However, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) recently defined basic broadband to begin at 768 kilobits per second. Cable internet and Fiber Optic connections sit at the top of the food chain ranging from 1500 – 18000 kbps followed by DSL, which runs between 256 – 8000 kbps (depending on how far you are from the phone company’s hub). Next, we have satellite internet, coming in a close third with speeds between 512 – 5000 kbps. After that, we have the wireless providers, these are either through your cell phone carriers or from a local Wi-Fi provider that is close to your location. These usually run between 90 – 1500 kbps but most impose strict limits on downloading and charge a monetary penalty for excessive usage. Dead last and most certainly least is, you guessed it, dial-up bringing up the rear with a mere 12-56 kbps.
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Satellite Broadband, Cable, DSL, and Fiber Optics Technology Revealed
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